The Problem of the Sociology of Knowledge
An individual on the street does not normally bother about what is ‘real’ to them and about what is it they ‘know’ unless they stumble upon a dead end during some sort of problem. We then know they have taken their ‘reality’ and their ‘knowledge’ for granted, in which, the sociologist cannot do. A sociologist must question, for their job is to challenge and put into practice the very logic of their discipline.
Today we disregard the epistemological and methodological approach on the validity of sociological reasoning. Thus, we consider sociology of knowledge to apply to the empirical discipline of sociology. We then question ‘why not theoretical?’ in order to solve our more concrete complications. One concern for this question is on the intellectual history, such as, the ideologies that were developed. Unfortunately, today theoretical thoughts or in this case ‘ideologies’ are overlooked and not so important to society. It is only some that have transcend as ‘knowledge’.
Societies became less concerned with theoretical interpretations.
Whether ones reality is from a scientific, philosophical or mythological stand point it does not weaken what is ‘real’ to many individuals. The sociology of knowledge will always consider what is the ‘know’ to an individuals ‘reality’. Common-sense rather than ‘ideas’ become the focus in the sociology of knowledge and that exactly! is the ‘knowledge’ that establishes the meanings to our society.
“What is real?”
Man consciousness is determined by his social being-Marx
What is real to us depends on what is socially accepted. Thus, we give things meaning. The social world is made and made up by people. What we have not learned from our own reasoning and senses, we have learned from other individuals. In some sense, we are shaped from other people. We enforce order even when there is none. We then create an entire meaning system. One example on this is racism from race.